Fingernail pain is a common problem, especially for those who frequently use their fingernails for tasks ranging from picking at scabs to scratching an itch.
The fingernail pain is caused by damage to the nail matrix, the part of the nail underneath the cuticle that is responsible for producing new cells.
Reason Behind Fingernail Pain!
Two common causes are nails that are too short or too long. When your nails are too short, you may be more likely to apply pressure on them with your other fingers and bend your nail into an unnatural shape.
This can cause injury to the matrix and result in a painful infection.
Main causes Of Fingernail Pain
1. Nail Biting
Nail biting is caused by anxiety and nervousness. When people are anxious they tend to bite their nails down to the quick.
If nail biting becomes a habit, it can become painful and damage the nail bed.
There are many ways to stop nail biting including using a rubber band around the finger, keeping a pencil between the teeth, wearing gloves while working, or placing tape over the mouth.
2. Ingrown Toenails
Ingrown toenails occur when the corner of the toe grows under the nail. A small amount of pressure or trauma can cause this condition.
People who work in jobs where they have to stand for long periods of time (such as waiters/waitresses) are at greater risk than others.
Treatment involves soaking the affected area in warm water for about 10 minutes and then applying an antibiotic ointment or cream.
Onychomycosis refers to a fungal infection or disorder of the fingernails or toenails. These infections can be caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, molds, or bacteria.
Most fungal infections begin as a white spot that spreads underneath the nail. As the fungus spreads, it causes the nail to turn yellowish-brown, thicken, and eventually fall off. In some cases, the nail may fall off entirely.
4. Bacterial Infection
Bacterial infections are usually caused by staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria. These infections are often seen in athletes or those who engage in repetitive activities that put them at risk of injuries.
Symptoms include redness, swelling, pain, pus, and fever. Treatment includes cleaning the affected area with soap and water, applying an antiseptic, and taking antibiotics if necessary.
Tungiasis occurs when sand fleas burrow inside the skin causing inflammation and irritation. Sand fleas live in moist environments, especially places like pools, beaches, and mud puddles.
The best way to prevent tungiasis is to avoid these types of environments. You should also wash your feet thoroughly after swimming or walking barefoot.
6. Athlete’s Foot
Athletes’ foot is caused by a fungus called candida Albicans. It is characterized by itching, scaling, and blisters on the bottom of the toes.
The fungus thrives in warm, humid conditions and is transmitted from person to person via direct contact.
Cleanliness is the best defense against an athlete’s foot. Wash your feet regularly and dry them well after showering. Use antibacterial soap and moisturize frequently.
7. Diabetic Ulcers
Diabetic ulcers are sores on the lower legs and feet due to poor blood circulation. They are often caused by nerve damage resulting from diabetes or poor nutrition.
Treatments include removing dead skin cells, treating the underlying wound, and applying creams and dressings.
The best treatment for ingrown nails is prevention. The correct filing and trimming will prevent the nail from growing into the skin and causing ingrown nail pain.
Avoiding a fungal infection is just as important; it will give you relief and help the nail to grow normally.
Dr. Edward Zelman works as a general health practitioner with an expertise of over 15 years, helping more than thousands to get back in complete health through his research-proven treatments. He earned his Masters from Harvard University and completed his Ph.D. from Columbia University. Dr. Edward Zelman is one of the notable names in the medical industry for his work in weight loss support, heart health, and so on. He is also a former faculty at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). At present, Dr. Edward Zelman is researching safe and effective natural remedies that can restore as well as maintain the youthful functioning of the body.