They say every great idea is often met with resistance. This is irrespective of their usefulness.
Cannabis and its use have been a controversial topic for a long time now. While some countries support its use, some have regulated it due to its adverse effects.
However, scientists and benefactors have repeatedly encouraged its use in medicine, especially in pain management.
Through this blog, we aim to answer the question of the application of CBD for hemiplegic migraine and Cyclic vomiting syndrome.
What Is CBD?
For mere mortals like yours truly, we are going to break down into simpler words.
CBD also known as Cannabidiol can be manufactured in a controlled environment like a lab but can also be found in hemp.
It is the foremost ingredient in Medical marijuana often prescribed for pain management.
Additionally, some studies suggest its use in managing Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and even Glaucoma.
What Is Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome?
As one can know from its name, it makes the patient experience nausea continuously. It usually begins around childhood and the cause is unknown.
CVS can be divided into 4 stages:-
1. Prodrome phase or the beginning phase is when the patient experiences discomfort when they are about to vomit.
2, the Vomiting phase-it involves the actual vomiting and retching,
3. The recovery phase is where symptoms including diarrhea and headache start to subside to reach the
4. Well, phase- this is when they completely recover.
There can be a multitude of reasons why one might experience CVS. Some of it includes anxiety, infection, periods, allergies, and Fatigue.
Children usually start showing the symptoms when they are between 3 and 5 years old.
It is also observed that photo-sensitive people with episodes of migraines often suffer from CBS.
While it is hard to treat the condition itself, one can always medicate for the symptoms.
Continuous episodes of nausea can lead to dehydration, tooth decay, an esophagus tear, or gastroparesis.
What Is Hemiplegic Migraine?
Hemiplegia means paralysis. So Hemiplegic Migraine is a condition that renders you completely weak.
It is often accompanied by vision including photosensitivity as well as repeated nausea.
Though only a few people have been reported to have these migraines, it is pretty painful compared to their counterparts due to the throbbing pain they subject the patient to.
Hemiplegic migraines can be of two types-Familial and Sporadic. While the former is inherited, the latter has no familial basis and its cause is unknown.
Some of the people affected by Hemiplegic Migraines often report it to be similar to a stroke. Its symptoms are drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, and slurred speech.
If the symptoms escalate, one can end up in a coma and become paralyzed. The causes of Hemiplegic Migraines include stress, anxiety, Skipping meals, and insomnia.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome can also cause Hemiplegic Migraines and vice-versa. NSAIDs are often found to be effective as a treatment.
Does CBD Help With These Conditions?
The answer is yes. Studies have shown how it has provided relief to many with continuous nausea as well as Aura migraines.
Thanks to its antiemetic and anxiolytic properties, it helps with Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome.
The frequency and duration of its use depend on the severity of the condition. But it is said to be effective if used at an early stage.
Nausea is said to have ceased even after considerable usage along with its subsidiary symptoms.
When it comes to hemiplegic mIgraines, over 82% of users found it effective against migraine due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
Though there is yet to be a standardized result, it still showed a reduction in over 33% of patients.
Why Is Its Use Still Questioned?
Many users suffer from CHS or Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome due to constant usage. Its symptoms are nausea, cyclic vomiting, and stomach ache.
It is often said to be relieved by taking hot showers.
Both prolonged and constant use has resulted in the worsening of the symptoms.
The use of pesticide-laced marijuana and one with high THC content is what causes this side effect.
Plenty of studies reveal how marijuana acts variably in different patients.
The cannabinoid receptor downregulation and autonomic dysregulation are what make one prone to emesis.
There are certain criteria one should meet to be said to have been suffering from CHS apart from regular cannabis use and nausea.
Its cessation after stopping the intake as well as taking how showers confirm the diagnosis of this unique condition.
Studies also support how males are vulnerable to the disease.
If left untreated, it can lead to Kidney injury, low potassium content, and cramps paving the way for Pneumomediastinum from a ruptured esophagus
and Electrolyte derangement causing seizures and irregular heartbeats.
As stated before there is no prescribed medication for CHS but stopping the use of CBD along with counseling and resources has turned around the results.
Dopamine antagonists, antihistamines, serotonin antagonists, antipsychotics, and topical capsaicin have all been helpful in lessening the comorbidities.
What Other Conditions Can Be Treated By CBD?
A lot of our hopes could be rested upon the various areas of research in the use of CBD.
In 2017, a Brazilian journal reported that the consumption of CBD lowers the risk of anxiety and depression. Treating opioid addiction has also been attributed to CBD.
It regulates the heart rate, reduces cravings, and improves paranoia.
In ALS, CBD slows the muscle spasms occurring due to the deterioration of brain cells.
Over half of the population is suffering from Diabetes and CBD lowers glucose levels and opens clogged arteries.
Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s and multiple sclerosis can all benefit from the healing properties of the cannabis strain.
Much discussion is been conducted by various stakeholders to find modulation of its use.
With a number of positive responses and sale of high-quality products is encouraging the researchers to pinpoint its other utilization.
So in the future things could be much smoother than what they are now.
Dr. Elizabeth Novello
Dr. Elizabeth Novello specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. Her clients range across diverse age groups and she works closely with patients to develop a personalized treatment plan that takes into account the individual’s medical history and the underlying cause of their pain. Dr. Elizabeth Novello also performs procedures such as lumbar punctures or nerve conduction studies. In addition to diagnosing and treating specific conditions, she focuses on helping patients manage chronic conditions and providing support for patients and their families.
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